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Castles in Lincolnshire ~ A Medieval List

Medieval Castles in Lincolnshire
How many castles were there in Lincolnshire and where were they ?
Back to Medieval Britain and a List of Lincolnshire Castles . . .

Castles, as we imagine them today, really started around the 10th century in France and their purpose was really two-fold.
Obviously a stronghold and symbol of power but also a centre for what was early regional government, for government read mainly tax collection.

It’s hard to imagine for those of us living in a fundamentally law abiding and safe society just what it must have felt like to be able to secure oneself, family and fortune safely in times when safety was largely in the lap of the gods and the flip side, what was it like for the vast majority who had no real security at all ?

In Britain the Dark Ages saw mud huts, the Romans then gave us real buildings and fortified towns but when they left we returned pretty much how we were half a millennia before. The Norman Conquest changed that.
The French brought the castles to Anglo-Saxon Britain.

The definition of a castle is not absolute, in some cases it was a fully fortified castle in others perhaps a well fortified manor house.
Crenellation was the thing, or as we’ve covered before you needed a Licence to Crenellate

Here’s a provisional list of those buildings regarded as Castles here in Lincolnshire


    Barrow Upon Humber
    Barton on Humber
    Benniworth
    Bolingbroke
    Bourne
    Burton Pedwardine
    Caistor
    Castle Bytham
    Castle Carlton
    Caythorpe
    Folkingham
    Frampton
    Gainsborough
    Goltho
    Great Grimsby
    Heydour
    Kingerby
    Lincoln
    Moulton
    Newhouse
    Partney
    Redbourne
    Sleaford
    Somerton
    Stainby
    Stamford
    Swineshead
    Tattershall
    Thorngate
    Welbourn
    Wrangle

Any of the above which are hyperlinked go to specific pages on the site as we’ve covered them in detail.
The big castles were first built in Lincolnshire at Lincoln and Stamford, for obvious reasons, important towns and areas had to have the Norman stamp, they were here and they were in charge - they also were an imposing feature of feudalism.

Within a century or so all the major castles in Lincolnshire had been built, the smaller ones, some perhaps on already traditional Manor Houses or Motte and Bailey sites were more about the aggrandisement of local Lords.
By the 13th century castles were old hat and few if any were built or given Licence to Crenellate.

Most didn’t survive of course, the anarchy around King John’s reign saw many destroyed and some were really just fortified Manor Houses with timber palisades.
Some have survived though and are well worth a visit, albeit some have only a few walls surviving others can only be experienced by earthworks - whatever the state of survival they’re always special places to visit

Yours, a well fortified,
Rod

5 Comments »

  1. History Hunter said,

    June 20, 2013 @ 11:19 am

    There was also one just the far side of Brigg at Castlethorpe where foundations and small parts of the walls were found by a farmer.

  2. Rod said,

    June 20, 2013 @ 7:21 pm

    HH,
    thanks for this, much appreciated
    Best
    Rod

  3. The Saxman said,

    June 21, 2013 @ 1:12 pm

    Rod,
    does Tetney Castle(s) count, discussed last year?

  4. Rod said,

    June 21, 2013 @ 7:11 pm

    Saxman,
    certainly is worth mentioning lest people see them marked on maps - for those that do the full story below

    http://www.rodcollins.com/wordpress/tetney-castles-another-lincolnshire-mystery

    Best
    Rod

  5. History Hunter said,

    June 23, 2013 @ 10:16 pm

    What about Ross Castle?

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